India is considered the birthplace of chess. There, at the beginning of the IV century, Chaturanga appeared, a game on a Board of 8×8 black and white cells, like modern chess. There were also 16 pieces and pawns on each side, but four players played Chaturanga. The sequence of moves was determined by throwing dice. Continue reading
Indeed, the Netherlands is often referred to as “Holland”, which is officially incorrect.
South Holland and North Holland are only two of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
Historically, these most economically developed provinces were also the most famous outside of the Netherlands, and so the name “Holland” has entered many European languages as the name of the country. Continue reading
The national flag of Japan is a white cloth with a large scarlet circle in the center, symbolizing the solar disk.
It has been used as an official symbol of the state since 1854, when Japan’s rapid exit from centuries of self-isolation began.
In Japan, along with Buddhism, the original ancient religion is widely spread – Shintoism, the cult of worship of the sun goddess Amaterasu. Continue reading