Why is the Netherlands called Holland?
Indeed, the Netherlands is often referred to as “Holland”, which is officially incorrect.
South Holland and North Holland are only two of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
Historically, these most economically developed provinces were also the most famous outside of the Netherlands, and so the name “Holland” has entered many European languages as the name of the country.
Then, under pressure from Dutch diplomats, the error was corrected, but in General usage, the country often continued to be called Holland, and its inhabitants-the Dutch.
In Russian, the name “Holland” became widespread after the visit of Tsar Peter I and his retinue to the Netherlands in 1697. The interests of the Russian reformer monarch and distinguished guests, of course, concerned only the most technically and economically developed part of the country — the Netherlands, and only they visited it. Peter even worked for a while as a carpenter at a shipyard in Saardam (North Holland).
When Peter and his companions talked about the visit at home, they often talked about Holland, without mentioning the name of the whole state. Since then, the name Holland, as well as the Dutch, Dutch in Russia began to mean the whole country of the Netherlands, its inhabitants and everything else associated with the Netherlands.