What is the difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic?
First, the similarity. The Arctic and Antarctic are regions of the Earth located around the North and South poles, respectively. The similarity in the names is explained by the fact that they are based on the ancient Greek word ARKTOS (bear).
The northernmost part of the Earth was called the Arctic by the ancient Greeks, because they determined the direction to the North by the Polar star located in the constellation of URSA Minor.Antarctica is named so in contrast to the Arctic, the prefix anti in ancient Greek means “against”.
In both regions, it is almost always very cold, and the average annual temperature does not rise above zero. Both in the Arctic and Antarctica in winter-polar night, in summer-polar day. This is where the similarity ends.
The Arctic is in the Northern hemisphere and Antarctica in the South, so when the first winter, second summer.
Arctic – ice-covered ocean surrounded by land, Antarctica – ice – covered part of the land (mainland), surrounded by seas.
The Antarctic territory is twice as large as the Arctic.
There are penguins in Antarctica and polar bears in the Arctic.
The territory (or rather, the water area) of the Arctic is divided between adjacent countries, and Antarctica is considered the property of all mankind.