Lake Neusiedler See
Neusiedler see is considered the fourth largest lake in Central Europe, behind Balaton, Boden and Geneva.
Its age is 20 thousand years, it is believed that it appeared as a result of fluctuations in the earth’s crust at the end of the ice age. This flat salt lake is now a popular recreation area and a unique biosphere reserve. Together with its surroundings, it is included in the UNESCO list.
Neusiedler see is located on the border of Hungary with Austria. According to tour operators offering tours to Hungary, about 77 percent of its area belongs to the Austrian land of Burgenland, and its southern part belongs to the Hungarian medje Gyor-Moshon-Sopron. From the South and South-East lies the national Park of the Austrian Neusiedlersee-Seewinkel, the Hungarian and the fertő-Hanság.
The total lake area is three hundred and fifteen square kilometers, and the average depth does not exceed one meter. The shape is irregular, stretched from South to North with a length of 36 km. Its width ranges from six to twelve kilometers. The lake is located at an altitude of 115 meters and has a total catchment area of more than one thousand square kilometers. The rugged coastline has several deep bays. The lake has large Islands, many shoals and small Islands.
Holidays in Hungary on the Neusiedler see
Lake Neusiedler See
Neusiedler see belongs to the basin of the Raba and Danube rivers. several streams flow into it, the largest of which is the Volcano. The water in Neusiedler see is slightly salted, and its level is subject to serious fluctuations. Over the history of its existence, it has completely dried up several times.
In 1956, an Austro-Hungarian Commission was established to monitor water levels. To maintain it at a constant rate, the flow of the lake is regulated.
But, despite this, it is not possible to avoid fluctuations completely. In 1965, the lake level increased by 35 cm after heavy rains, and in 2003 it fell by 30 cm.
The lake surface is heavily overgrown with reeds. Neusiedler see is home to about fifteen species of fish, of which the most common are loach, carp, walleye and pike. Its water is rich in various types of invertebrates, and the reeds are home to many rare insects.
Lake Neusiedler see in Hungary
Tourists who decide to spend their holidays in Hungary can observe more than 300 species of migratory and nesting birds in natural conditions on the Neusiedler see. Among them there are many herons, wild geese, grebes, sviyaz, reeds and many others.
On the territory of the national Park, there is a path along the lake shore, where visitors and ornithologists can observe the fascinating biosphere of the reserve.